I recently received an email from one of my students asking the above question.
In fact, here is her actual question ….
I have been experiencing a big learning curve with water mixable paints.
One of the item that was recommended with the water mixable is linseed oil. I went to my local art store and they suggested stand oil (water mixable)Winsor and Newton Artisan. As I read the purpose for the oil, I called the local art store and asked if they could explain linseed oil versus stand oil, and believe it or not, they could not tell me. I went to a couple of artists and they didn’t “get it” either. Can you please explain to me the difference between Stand oil and linseed oil. Which one do I use and would I have an opportunity to use stand oil in my water mixable paint? I watched your video and you mentioned Linseed oil. I am so confused, especially since I am new to oil painting.
Thanks for your help!
Medium is used to allow paints to easily spread onto a painting surface and to assist the layering of paints on top of each other while both layers are wet
Hence the rules: Thick paints sticks to thin paints and thin paints stick to thick paints. Opposites attracts.
Stand oil is thicker linseed oil than refined linseed oil.
Mediums are built to stay wet longer (fat medium) or to dry faster (lean medium). Stand oil is a lot ‘fatter’ than refined linseed oil ‘thinner’.
Some artists propose a method of painting whereby they layer different densities of medium onto the canvas as they work toward completion. They traditionally begin wetting the canvas with a very fat medium and they add layers of paint with thinner and thinner layers of medium.
In essence this is what I do, but with one exception.. I use only one consistency of medium (lean 5:1) and as I layer paints on top of paints I thin the paints with even more of the same medium. This thins our the ‘paints’ even further.
When we use a ‘fat’ medium like the Bob Ross Liquid White or the Bill Alexander Magic White, these are ‘fat’ mediums designed to keep the painting wet throughout the entire painting process. These styles continue using the fat mediums to thin the paints even more so one can layer thinner paints on top of the existing layer.
My formulae of 5 parts odorless turp to 1 part refined linseed oil is a thin medium. The canvas is wet for about a day and within a couple of days totally dry.
Now, with this understanding in mind, let’s address the Water-Mixable equation.
Traditional linseed oil or stand oil will not mix with water and subsequently is not a good choice for water mixable oils. What does work is a variant of linseed oil whose chemical structure has been altered to mix with water. Such bottles of linseed oil are labeled in some degree as “Modified Linseed Oil for Water Miscible Paints”.
This is what you really want. Pure use of this linseed oil is ‘fat’ and becomes thinner as water is mixed with the WO linseed oil.
The principle remains the same.
I hope this quick explanations helps.
I received the following question that I believe many of you have asked me concerning patterns.
“Darrell, I recently signed on for your lifetime art school membership. I am enjoying the videos a lot and want to thank you for making everything so understandable.
One question I have is in regards to putting a pattern on a canvas. How do you keep the lines from disappearing on you? Do you use a spray to fix them in place? I have done that in the past but would like to avoid sprays as much as I can so if there is another method, I would be very interested.”
This is a question I must be asked twice a week. I pretty much use patterns for pets, wildlife, tall ships. The process I go through in painting these subjects allows me to first base coat within the lines and then I build layers of color upon color while keeping within the area of the patterns. I rely on the pattern AND the finished photo. The pattern is the starting point, the photo is the ending point.
I do not ever use sprays to fix the lines in place. I want my lines to disappear as I go forward in the painting.
Hope you enjoy this. Let Sabrina know how well she did……. or didn’t do.
For those wondering … she’s 11 years old.
Received a recent question from a student who wanted to know how to paint rocks so that one could see the distance from the horizon to the foreground based solely on the paintings of rocks. In this tip we show how both color and location assist in painting three dimensionally.
I just posted another painting tip on our YouTube Channel. I believe you watch it below. In any event, enjoy and if there’s a question you have for me, please send to firstname.lastname@example.org
We’ve posted another painting tip this weekend. Florence N., of Canada posed this question. It will take us about 8 videos to complete answering all her questions. Today is all about Fan Brush magic.
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